BLOEMFONTEIN DIGITAL ONE FRAME STAMP EXHIBITION
KOPANO NOKENG - 22-23 JULY 2016
Presented by the Orange Free State Philatelic Society
All the entries
Early Union of South Africa Roll stamps
van Beukering J A – OFS Philatelic Society
During 1912 Thos. De la Rue was awarded the contract for printing the first ‘King’s Head Union definitive stamp issue together with roll stamps. These were produced in a similar, but more modern manner than those used for colonial roll stamps used during the Interprovincial period. The first of the KGV coil values, the ½d, was dispatched together with the ½d to 10/- normal stamp values in 1913. The exhibit graphically highlights the methodology of coil stamp production, the various coil join types, the ‘isolated perforation’ nomenclature, varieties, usage and rarity factors.
Gibraltar Letter Cards – Rock Issues
Minnaar E, RDPSA – East Rand Philatelic Society
The first printing of Letter Cards was used in June, 1933. There were only two issues of Letter Cards and apart from the Monarch’s Head and the colour of the printings, all other details were identical. On the front the words ‘Letter Card’, placed on either side of the Coat of Arms. The embossed stamp in the case of the KGV issue the head faces left, whilst for the KGVI issue the head faces right. On the reverse is a view of The Rock, with a sailing dinghy and a pre-war ocean liner in the foreground. The exhibit includes ‘Approved’ and ‘Not Approved’ proofs; ‘Stamp Duty’ proofs; Specimens and used copies of the Letter Card.
van Beukering J A – OFS Philatelic Society
Brass numeral defacers were issued to smaller postal agencies in the Orange River Colony, in lieu of place name date stamps. One of these, no. 22, was issued to the Riviera PA during 1904. As was the habit, after upgrading or closing of a postal agency these numeral cancellers were often withdrawn or redistributed to other sub-offices. The exhibit tells the story of the Orange River Colony Barred Oval Numeral Canceller (BONC) no. 22 from Riviera to Groothoff and Groenvlakte on a postcard correspondence.
Picture Postcards of the Anglo-Boer War
Courtesy of the Anglo-Boer War Museum – Bloemfontein
The postal authorities allowed privately printed postcards in 1894 and, following the lead from some continental countries, cards began to appear with the message alongside them. Most of these were straightforward views or advertisements but, as the Boer War began, publishers in Britain and other European countries found a theme which caught the public’s imagination.
The Birth and development of Christmas cards
Courtesy of the Anglo-Boer War Museum – Bloemfontein
Sir Henry Cole, born in Bath on 15 July 1808 can be considered as the father of the Christmas card. Recognised as the first Christmas card is one designed by John Callcott Horsley for his friend Sir Henry Cole in December 1843. Louis Prang of Boston is called the “father of the American Christmas card.” Prang cards were among the best in the market and were much admired abroad. The idea of conveying Christmas wishes caught on in South Africa. The imported tradition of cards portraying Red Robins, snowflakes and snow-covered landscapes was entrenched into card design in South Africa.
CLASS 1 - TRADITIONAL PHILATELY
Swaziland – 1961 Decimal Overprints 73%
Barit C – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
This exhibit takes a look at the original Swaziland Queen Elizabeth II stamps which existed prior to the decimalisation of Swaziland’s currency. It follows the decimalisation process through, with respect to the overprints which were available at the Swaziland post offices from 14 February 1961. It also traces the implementation of the new currency definitive stamps right up to the full series being available. The exhibit takes a close look at the various overprints and the various types of overprints that were issued. The plan is to see how the Swaziland postal authorities handled the decimalisation process.
Poland First Official Stamp Issue 1920 83%
Marshall Dr. A R – Royal Philatelic Society, New Zealand
This one-frame exhibit commences with the different proofs and has comprehensive coverage of the 11 values showing normal perforation and varieties including double perforated, imperforate and partially imperforate examples. Both rare colours and the constant flaw are included. Mint blocks and singles are used with just one used single [partial imperforate] included. A number of examples on envelopes are shown to demonstrate usage and the official letter postal rates.
Basutoland 1961 Decimal Overprints 67%
Barit A Dr – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
On 14 February 1961 the countries of Southern Africa converted their monetary system from the sterling to the new decimal currency. Basutoland was one of these countries. As preparation by Basutoland for decimalisation had only begun at a late stage the new definitive Rand and Cents stamps were not ready in time for the conversion date. The result was that the Government Printer in Pretoria overprinted certain stocks of existing Basutoland stamps with the Rand and Cents values. This resulted in various types of overprints and errors. This exhibit traces Basutoland’s decimalisation process.
Standardised White Rhino booklets of South Africa 68%
Dooley T – East Rand Philatelic Society
Since 8 August 1993 the sixth definitive ‘Rhino’ standard postage stamp was placed into convenient booklets of ten, to be sold at many outlets apart from the Post Office. Over the five following years many changes, including reprint of the stamp was done. The stamps first appeared in left over sleeves of the Aeroplane issue. A number of different printings, as well as events, led to the issue of basically commemorative sleeves. The price of postage also went up every April, but because of the stamps being ‘standard postage’ the stamps were not affected. The last date of the booklets with these stamps was 12 February 1998.
Austrian Mixed Franking prior to WWII 60%
Wenger R – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
Austria was occupied by the Nazis on 13 March 1938. Prior to the German “Anschluss”, purely Austrian stamps were used for both local and foreign mail. After the occupation the Germans issued their own Third Reich stamps. By decree mixed franking of both Austrian and German stamps could be used for postage. This period lasted for six months until 31 October 1938, when use of Austrian stamps was forbidden and only German franking was allowed.
South Africa Postage Dues 1914 – 1972 57%
Janssen F V – Fish Hoek Philatelic Society
The Union of South Africa and the Republic of South Africa issued fourteen sets of Postage Due stamps in total, with slight variations in printing design, watermark, perforation and currency. The last set issued in 1972 had a fairly modern stamp design and showed the country initials RSA only. Use of South African Postage Due stamps was discontinued in 1975. This small exhibit is showing one complete set of each of the fourteen sets in mint and used condition.
Queen Elizabeth II – Value Errors 74%
Barit A Dr – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
The value error is a specific error that forms its own category. Various reasons exist for this type of error. This includes the omission of the printing, something coming between the sheets and the printing press, a dry print, etc. This exhibition illustrates the result of the omission which sometimes is more extensive than just the value being omitted. This exhibit also shows that a mis-perforation can result in an error with respect to the inscription of the value
1936 Johannesburg International Philatelic Exhibition 74%
Pienaar G – Philatelic Society of Johannesburg
Commonly known as JIPEX, the exhibition was organised by the Philatelic Society of Johannesburg. The Post Office issued two special miniature sheets for the event. These were made by overprinting sheets fromthe 1935 Advertisement Booklets with the words “JIPEX 1936”. The exhibit reconstructs the original sheet, by illustrating the position of each of the twenty-one panes cut from this sheet for both the ½d and 1d pictorial stamps. It also includes some used examples on cover to illustrate the special date stamps, one in English and the other in Afrikaans, used during the exhibition.
Great Britain – Missing Queen’s Head Errors 68%
Barit S Dr – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
This exhibit is a study of British stamps where the Queen’s Head has been missing. The reasons for this error are numerous, ranging from the omission of the colour in which the Queen’s Head was meant to have been printed, to where the printing block did not make contact with the sheet. This exhibition is comprised of those errors where the error can easily be seen and does not have to be detected by means of a magnifying glass. As such, the pages which follow easily reveal the error which has occurred resulting in the head of Queen Elizabeth II being omitted
The screened ½d Springbok issues of the Union of South Africa pictorial definitives 74%
Van der Merwe J – OFS Philatelic Society
Group 7, the first entirely screened Rotogravure Hyphenated Pictorial Definitives of the ½d Springbok were produced from 1949 until termination in 1954. The language setting, arrow blocks, marginal cylinder numbers, sheet serial numbers and the varieties are discussed in each issue.
The screens used were not of the same type for the four productions. The differences are barely identifiable thus making it difficult to differentiate between stamps of the various issues. It is the only group with the cylinder numbers printed in the sheet margins. Three different interior and exterior cylinder numbers were used for the production of these stamps.
Bechuanaland 1961 – Decimal Overprints 70%
Barit L Dr – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
Bechuanaland had been serviced by a series of stamps depicting King George V, then King George VI and subsequently from 1952 Queen Elizabeth II. A decision had prior to 1961 been made to replace the existing stamps with a new series. However, the new series which would also encompass the decimalisation on 14 February 1961 was not ready in time. Existing Queen Elizabeth II stamps were therefore surcharged with decimal values which situation existed until the release of the new set on 2 October 1961. A number of errors and varieties occurred. This exhibit shows the different errors produced.
Rhodesia & Nyasaland 1954-1963 71%
Viljoen D – Belville Philatelic Society
This exhibit shows the stamps, postal material and postage due stamps for the period in question. Known varieties are exhibited as well as some perforated and imperforate printer’s proofs. A number of covers show the practical use for the stamps.
SWA Proofs of the 3rd definitive set from the postal archives
Janssen F V – Fish Hoek Philatelic Society 72%
This exhibit shows some very special material from the archives of the Namibian Post Office, sold in 2001. It contains all existing proofs from the various printings during its nine years lifespan from 1972 – 1990. In total all 78 issues and re-prints are shown. All with identifiable paper and margin markings as well as all four existing paper types. These stamps are one of the great rarities of modern Southern African philately as only fifteen complete sets are existing.
The Penny lilac stamp 1881-1901 84%
Suttill M – Royal Philatelic Society, Cape Town
In 1881 a new customs and revenue act resulted in the authorities needing a one penny stamp which could be used for postage and for inland revenue, printed in fugitive ink. This was a rush requirement and the Penny Lilac was produced in less that three months. This proved to be the most successful stamp of the Victorian era. In the roughly 20 years of its life over thirty-three billion stamps were produced. The issue saw printing innovations and, of course, errors, overprints of overseas territories and of government departments, and so on.
The Darmstadt Trials of 1929 88%
Bridges E – South African Collectors’ Society
These trials were instigated to test a new process of photogravure (rotogravure) printing then relatively new at the time. These trials have been the subject of great controversy and were at one time or another included, then excluded and included again in the handbooks of Union philately. This exhibit attempts to provide an overview of the many different facets of the trials with larger blocks and interesting markings which relate to the back ground reports of the trials.
Also shown are the Booysens essays which although unofficial form an integral part of this story. Some of the largest pieces known to have survived are shown as well.
Southern Rhodesia 1947 Victory issue 82%
Corrigan K – OFS Philatelic Society
Southern Rhodesia, with many other Commonwealth countries, issued a set of stamps commemorating the allied victory in the Second World War. The issue consisting of four values, depicted member of the Royal family, the 1d (Queen Elizabeth), 2d (King George VI), 3d (Princess Elizabeth) and 6d (Princess Margaret), was issued on 8 May 1947. The issue was printed by Waterlow & Sons, London, perf 14, on unwatermarked paper, in different formats. The 1d and 2d were printed on four panes of 60 each. (240 per sheet), whilst the 3d and 6d were printed in single sheets of 60 each. Major varieties included double prints of the 2d value (sg65a) and complete offsets of the 6d in corner and imprint blocks. (with normal positional blocks to complete a mini sheet)
Greeting Stamp Booklets of Great Britain 67%
Williams J W – OFS Philatelic Society
Greeting stamp booklets of Britain were issued from 1 January 1989 – ‘Teddy Bear‘, with the last one on 3 August 1998 –‘Create a Card’. Booklets contain 10 stamps and 12 special greeting labels attached by selvedge. The idea of the labels was to give your envelope a special message when used with any greeting or other postage stamps. Only 13 Greeting stamp booklets were issues during this nine year period.
The Danish West Indies 61%
Janssen F V – Fish Hoek Philatelic Society
The Danish West Indies, only overseas colony of a Scandinavian country, consisted of three small islands, St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix with only 20000 inhabitants. Stamps were issued in small numbers between 1855 and 1917. All were printed in Copenhagen with a similar design to the Danish stamps. The currency was cents and dollars from 1855 -1905, bits and francs from 1905-1917. The stamps are quite scarce, especially genuinely used and on cover. In 1917 the DWI were sold to the United States and became the American “Virgin Islands”. All stamp issues (mint and used), and some covers are shown.
CLASS 2 - POSTAL HISTORY, HISTORICAL/SOCIAL AND SPECIAL STUDIES
New Zealand – Proof of Delivery Service 83%
Long J – Southern Philatelic Society, New Zealand
New Zealand Post first advertised this service in January 1988. It effectively replaced the previous Advice of Delivery (AR) service. The service was for inland mail items only.
The sender purchased a label from a post outlet and completed the sender details. The label was then separated into two parts, one part attached to the letter, which included a space for a recipient to sign, and the other was a receipt for the sender. The recipient signed the delivery copy, which was returned to NZ Post.
The exit routes for African Airmails to US, WWII 85%
Hisey R – Philatelic Society of Greater Southern Africa, USA
This exhibit shows all the various ways that airmail to and from Africa could leave Africa during WWII and how they changed during the war. Each route is shown graphically and with a cover.
The Nyasaland Field Force Overprints and their field post offices
Coetzee P – West Rand Philatelic Society 81%
The Nyasaland Rhodesian Field Forces (Norforce), under the command of Brigadier General Northey, began their offensive in East Africa on 20 May 1916. These troops could send normal letters without stamps via the field post office. If there was any additional postage required, such as for registration, it required prepayment. Later at the request of Brigadier General Northey, to the Governor of Nyasaland, Nyasaland stamps were overprinted “N.F.”
Shown is an overview of the NF overprint stamps, their constant varieties and usage at the Field Post Offices. Postal history items and examples of the different telegraphs used are also shown.
The South African Occupation of German South West Africa
Mitchell V J – Port Elizabeth Philatelic Society 73%
The exhibit shows mail with cancellations and censor markings used during the period of occupation by South African armed forces in World War I.
Southern African Pioneers in World War II 85%
Thy P – WPS USA
About 35000 men from the high commission territories (Bechuanaland, Basutoland and Swaziland) volunteered to serve as labour for the British Army during World War II. They served in the African Auxiliary Pioneer Corps (or later simply African Pioneer Corps) as part of the pioneer corps of the British Army. The soldiers were recruited in 1941 – 1942 and were from the beginning deployed as labour companies in the Middle East Forces against German aggression. From 1943 some labour companies were diluted into British units in Sicily and Italy. They were belatedly repatriated in 1946.
Privilege envelopes used by Australian Forces during WW II 79%
Stafford G – Australia
Privilege envelopes were introduced to Australian Forces while serving in the Middle East during World War II. Forces in the field were issued with the privilege envelopes for transmission of their correspondence. When the AIF reached the Middle East it did not carry a stock of envelopes for the forces and therefore drew its requirements from the British Army stationery depot in Palestine. Privilege envelope mail used an ‘honour’ system because it was not subject to unit censorship. Users were required to sign the envelope as abiding by censorship guidelines. Distinguishing aspects are provided by the form number and other printed references.
CLASS 3 - THEMATIC EXHIBITS
French Pneumatic Mail 70%
Bakker J – East Rand Philatelic Society
On 14-11-1866 the French introduced their first pneumatic mail system. This system had a double function, the sending of telegrams and the transport of mail through the pneumatic tubes. Previously telegrams were transported by horse and wagon but traffic jams caused many delays. The old postal stationery is all headed “Télégramme”. The first cards were only allowed for local mail and had a limit on the number of words. After 1874 the number of words was no longer limited, even if the card said so. The name “Télégramme” was dropped and the name “Pneumatique” was adopted under which we still know it today. The post office also introduced pneumatic envelopes and other open and closed postal stationery.
Marseille also uses a pneumatic system and uses the same stationery. Only used stationery can be identified by postmarks as coming from Marseille.
Five Ten 72%
Thematics SA, Western.Cape chapter
South Africa’s Big Ten are the biggest, the largest, the most imposing and the most fearful animals of our country. They have a universal appeal to our tourists and, together with all wild animals, should be protected at all costs. The exhibit is a team effort by the Western Cape chapter of Thematics Southern Africa.
By Sail or Oar… 50%
Dolley T – East Rand Philatelic Socity
A study of ancient ships and river craft encompassing development and innovation from time immemorial until and including the age of discovery.
By air, aeroplane to zeppelin 66%
Mitchell H C – East Rand Philatelic Society
This exhibit displays various modes of mail delivery by air, from ancient pigeon and balloon mail to modern day space mail
Nederlandse Koninklike Huis 1849 -2012 53%
De Waal J – OVS Filatelistevereniging
The Dutch constitutional monarchy was established in 1806. The Royal Palace is named the House of Orange for the family that has rights to the throne. In 1849 Willem III became the first King at the age of 31, After his death his spouse, Emma – then 42 years old – acted as ‘regent’ queen as the 10 year old Wilhelmina was too young to reign. On her 18th birthday in 1898 Wilhelmina is crowned Queen. Her daughter Juliana was throned at 39 years of age. The throne was handed over to daughter Beatrix at 42 years of age from 1980 to 2013. (Translated from Afrikaans)
CLASS 4 - AEROPHILATELY, MARITIME AND DISASTER MAIL
Early Cape Mail 59%
Kisch B – Highway Philatelic Society
The exhibit spans Cape mails received from 1730 to 1830, before the 1853 issue of triangular stamps. Firstly, covers addressed to Joachim Nicolaus van Dessin, bookseller, who donated his books and manuscripts to form the first library, which is still housed in Cape Town as the Dessinian Collection. Secondly, covers addressed to Christiaan Ludolph Neetling showing the names and details of the ships and captains in command. Thirdly, details of postal markings from a 1830 VOC strike, to 1830 cancellations, all on cover. Fourthly a collection of mails to Cape governors up to the arrival of the 1820 Settlers.
CLASS 5 - REVENUES AND POSTAL STATIONERY
The Erica photo-postcard series of RSA 71%
Osthoff G – OFS Philatelic Society
The Erica photo-postcard series was issued three times with franking values of 3c (1977), 5c (1980) and 8c (1982). These three issues were marked by different cardboard, colour variations and different positions of the phosphor band, which may indicate different printings. A classification of the different cards and a chronological arrangement is attempted, based on used cards with clear cancellations. The cardboard types shown are dull matt, shiny gloss and textured card which my display brilliant white, brown or shades of grey under 366nm ultraviolet light on either or both sides. Some of the paper types seem to be scarce.
St. Petersburg – Residence related taxes 83%
Banfield N – Royal Philatelic Society, New Zealand
The Imperial Russian capital of St Petersburg levied taxes on residents and on visitors. Taxes were also levied on receipts for police fees and on visas. A hospital tax was levied on some classes of employee at their place of work.
The exhibit shows stamps issued by the St Petersburg City Police, the Suburban Police, the Address Bureau and by the Provincial Government (Hospital Tax). A large number of documents had stamps cut off before destruction. These pieces include bisects and multiples. The highlight is usage on a 1904 British Passport.
The Postal Stationery of the 1924 Admiral issue of Southern Rhodesia
Corrigan K – OFS Philatelic Society 84%
On 1 April 1924 Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing colony and issued a definitive set of KGV stamps (the Admirals), together with a full range of Admiral postal stationery. This collection of Postal Stationery items includes the following:
½d and 1½d postal cards (with Specimens) ; 1d letter cards ; 1½d letter card (unissued) ; ½d and 1d postal envelopes ; ½d and 1d postal wrappers ; 4d size G and H registration envelopes. The above were all printed by Waterlow & Sons, London and were in general use throughout the colony up to the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in November 1965.
The collection, includes a full range of both unused and used examples of the above. Because of the relatively small numbers that were sold, many of the used examples are deemed scarce or even rare.
CLASS 6 - MODERN EXPERIMENTAL TRADITIONAL CLASS
Flaws galore of Northern Rhodesia 80%
Evans P A – Maritzburg Philatelic Society
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved after only 10 years. On 29 August 1963 the working party for Post Office functions agreed that member Countries would resume individual responsibility from 1 December 1963. Just 3 months for the design, approval, production and distribution of Postage stamps throughout Northern Rhodesia. With full independence due 24 October 1964, a simple design with small runs should just be possible. This exhibit focuses on this 14 stamp set and includes all the catalogued listed varieties and a feast of those not listed.
Extracts from a Frama collector’s diary 1985 to 1993 80%
Stewart G P – Royal Philatelic Society, New Zealand
When Framas were introduced in 1985 in Zimbabwe, the town of Mutare, where I lived, was excluded. I travelled to Harare regularly, and occasionally to other Frama towns, purchasing labels, filing them, noting machine dates. The clichés were identical, eventually peculiarities identified machines. Papers were noted and covers posted to record postal treatment. This exhibit, in diary form, records these events including the short lived Rhino labels. After two years inactivity from breakdowns, Bulawayo’s final flourish with fluorescent paper concluded the era.
This collection became basis for a definitive article published in The Rhodesian Study Circle Journal, and translated into German.
Proteas: RSA Third Definitive series 1977 – 1982 – Cylinder 722 80%
Sorour V – Witwatersrand Philatelic Society
This exhibit reports an in-depth study of Cylinder 722 . This cylinder is of particular interest because it was the only cylinder used to print all the stamps printed by photogravure. It was remade several times and it changed its functions during its long life, doing so without changing its number. Four stages of Cylinder 722 are identified. The value printed by each stage, identification of the stages and the flaws that developed are shown and described.
CLASS 7 - OPEN CLASS
The Ruhleben Civil Internee Camp of WWII 85%
Chitty L G – RPSNZ
When Great Britain declared war on Germany 4 August 1914, there were many British and British Empire civilians in Germany at the time. These people from all walks of life included students, university staff, businessmen, tourists, merchant seamen and British citizens living and working in Germany. Germany detained 4000 men interring them at Ruhleben Camp which was a converted racecourse; the internees living in the horse boxes.
This exhibit contains drawings of the camp, mail addressed to the internees, outward mail from the camp, and mail sent within the camp, using their own postal service.
General Douglas McArthur – Defender and Liberator of the Philippines
Figg D J – Royal Philatelic Society, Victoria 80%
Mention the phase “I shall return” and most people think of General Douglas MacArthur. This exhibit concentrates on the years 1937 to 1945 when, apart from his escape to Australia in March 1942 until his return in October 1945, the General spent his time in the Philippines.
Aus Prisoner of War Camp, South West Africa 1915 to 1919
Howgrave-Graham T – South African Collectors’ Society 76%
The display aims to show all the known postmarks, cachets and censor marks associated with the camp and to illustrate incoming and outgoing mail for prisoners and the garrison staff, also showing the regulations pertaining to these. Finding fine examples isn’t so easy and included is the rare rectangular Commandant’s cachet, evidence that the censor applied the “Free” cachets and that the Okahandja censor helped out later in 1916. Above all the aim is to tell the story of this remarkable camp and a number of postcards help illustrate this as well as dating the final ceremony.
The ‘Tugwell’ picture postcards of Swaziland 75%
Van der Molen P, RDPSA – East Rand Philatelic Society
A notable producer of photographic picture postcards of Swaziland was O Tugwell of Mbabane who had a gift and curio shop in that town from the 1920s to the 1950s. He was a keen photographer and recorded traditional life and environment, selling his photographs as postcards in his shop. His earlier postcards bear his cachet, usually in purple, on the back of the card; more recent cards have his name printed on the reverse.
A Study of the emergence of the Afrikaans language 56%
Schmidt R – Edenvale Philatelic Society
A study portrayed by means of philatelic material depicting the “birth” and growth of the Afrikaans language using covers issued both privately by organisations (i.e.
Die Genootskap van Regte Afrikaners and FAK), as well as official first day cover issued by the Philatelic Bureau. The covers commemorate famous roleplayers, as well as national monuments and / or events which helped establish Afrikaans as the language we know today. To make the exhibit more accessible to everybody it has been done in both Afrikaans and English.
En die Wenner is … nie Amerika nie 62%
Botha H H – OVS Filatelistevereniging
Vra enige mens waar kry jy die grootste, die kleinste, die meeste, die vreemste of die mooiste iets in die wêreld en die antwoord sal wees: Seker maar in Amerika. Die uitstalling wys trots die teendeel. Amerika is nie altyd die wenner van alles nie. Suidelike Afrika spog met heelwat besondere rekords. Hierdie uitstalling konsentreer slegs op aspekte van die natuur en wys van hierdie rekords. Geniet die eerste prys Suid Afrika!
RSA Miniature sheets 50%
Du Plessis J A – OFS Philatelic Society
There are 24 miniature sheets issued from 18tJune 1975 to 25 May 1995. All the sheets are numbered 1 to 24, most of them denoted ‘RSA’ (Republic of South Africa) barring one, number 23 which only has SA (South Africa) on them. They can be divided in a few groups, namely painter artists, military, tourism attractions, sport, general art and public works.
The Allure of Diamonds 88%
Friedman F – Johannesburg Philatelic Society
The diamond is a unique treasure which is formed over millions of years. The allure of diamonds has been enhanced by a brilliant branding and marketing exercise which resulted in a major industry.
This exhibit will trace the journey of diamonds from their creation, their influence on scientific and technical features, and of course their contribution to fashion, adding value with its sparkle as the ultimate gemstone. This exhibit is centered mainly on Southern Africa and also includes mining, cutting and marketing centres. The diamond has emerged as a unique treasure. Its radiant beauty only comes alive once it has been accurately cut, with its rare ability to hold the light and reflect it back in an explosion of sparkle and fire.
CLASS 9 - MARCOPHILY
The Squared Circle postmark of the Dutch East Indies 62%
Bakker J – East Rand Philatelic Society
The postal squared circle cancellation (SCC) was introduced on 15 April 1893 to all existing Post Offices in the Dutch East Indies (DEI). Only post offices (POs) received this canceller. None to the lower rank postal institutions. Seven POs received the cancellation earlier. The earliest known is from Semarang on 17 January 1892. They were used as departure cancellations or as transit / arrival cancellation on the back of covers. The use of the SCC in its different roles, as Field POs, date cancellations, on mail from POs, railway stations with PO facilities, transit and arrival cancellations is shown. Also shown is registration, postal rates, postage due, ‘Route’ and ‘Too Late’ cancellations. Regular cleaning of the cancellers was required. PO agencies were in Singapore and Penang.